The PV Lighthouse website is a free online resource for photovoltaic scientists and engineers. It provides calculators that simulate various aspects of solar cell operation, a library of refractive index data, links to photovoltaic software, and more.

Please contact us if you would like us to convert your simulation program into an online calculator, to host your program, or to post a link to your software.


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SCiDA Pro is a fast and versatile program for analysing large data sets from solar cell production lines.


Ronald Naber

Ronald Naber works at Tempress Systems BV in the Netherlands where he focuses on ion implantation technology development for n-type silicon solar cells.

Ronald wrote SCiDA Pro, a free program that analyses solar cell production data.

Ronald Naber


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Optical analysis of textured wafers coated with thin films.


22 Aug 2014

Bug in OPAL 2 corrected. The bug arose when using custom data with wavelength units other than Å or nm. See OPAL's version history for details.

21 Aug 2014

PVL receives 347 visits in a day—a new high.

18 Aug 2014

The free-carrier absorption calculator was updated to include a recently publshed parameterisation by Baker-Finch et al.

16 Aug 2014

The wafer ray tracer was overhauled to make it faster to prepare simulations. Its output figure was made interactive.

14 Aug 2014

The beta version of "PV Factory" goes live. It is reserved for UNSW students and academics until 1 Jan 2015.

10 Aug 2014

Two bugs in the wafer ray tracer were fixed. Both arose when thin films were assigned to the rear surface. See the ray tracer's welcome page for details.

27 July 2014

SCiDA Pro posted on PV Lighthouse by Ronald Naber. SCiDA Pro is a computer program for analysing data sets from solar cell production lines.

10 July 2014

PVL Newsletter #11 published, describing changes to the website in Apr/Jun 2014.

10 Jul 2014

Quokka version 2.2.1 released. Quokka is a 2D/3D simulation program for solar cells.

7 Jul 2014

Learning curve calculator released. It determines the industry's learning rate and predicts future module prices.

27 Jun 2014

OPAL 2 expanded to include two additional light-trapping models.

24 Jun 2014

Korean translations added to the resistivity calculator by Dongchul Suh (GFC–MES).

15 Jun 2014

Added help files and change log to cmd-PC1D 6.0.

9–13 Jun 2014

PVL talks on optical loss analysis and iron contamination presented at the 40th IEEE PV Specialists Conference, Denver.

25 May 2014

Bug removed from EDNA 2 that was introduced on 17-May-2014. This bug led to a gross underestimate of J0E for heavy diffusions.

17 May 2014

Expanded the band gap calculator to include the recent band gap narrowing (BGN) model of Yan and Cuevas. Its About tab was also expanded to explain the differences between BGN models.

13 May 2014

The simulation overview was redesigned and now includes the calculators and a few new programs.

9 May 2014

PVL Newsletter #10 published, describing changes to the website in Mar/Apr 2014.

1 May 2014

Bug fixed in wafer ray tracer. Simulations of wafers with Labertian rear reflectors or texture are now more accurate.

20 Apr 2014

Chinese and German translations added to the spectral mismatch calculator by Yimao Wan (ANU) and Karola Rühle (Univ Freiburg).

25 Mar 2014

cmd-PC1D 6.0 now available for download. This version of PC1D contains Fermi-Dirac statistics and up-to-date models for Auger recombination, mobility, and band-gap narrowing.

23 Mar 2014

Quokka 2.2 and its settings file generator released. Quokka is a 2D/3D simulation program for solar cells.

23 Mar 2014

OPAL 2 expanded to allow customised spectra, refractive index and IQE data. Output can also be downloaded in the format required by Quokka 2.

12 Mar 2014

Wafer ray tracer released. It conducts a full ray tracing simlation of a textured wafer coated with thin films.

12 Mar 2014

PVL Newsletter #9 published, describing changes to the website in Jan/Feb 2014.

3 Mar 2014

PV Lighthouse in the news for its contribution to the design and fabrication of 24.4% solar cell: pv magazine article.

17 Feb 2014

Spectral mismatch calculator released. It determines a cell's short-circuit current density under various spectra and can be used to quantify experimental error due to spectral mismatch.

3 Feb 2014

Project to create a Virtual Production Environment (VPE) commences. The VPE will be an online program that simulates the manufacture of commercial Si solar cells. Project partners: UNSW, ASU and us.

28 Jan 2014

Refractive index data for amorphous silion oxide added to the RI library. Data measured and supplied by Johannes Seif (EPFL).

24 Jan 2014

Recent versions of Chrome have a bug that prevents drop-down lists functioning correctly. To fix: right click chrome icon, select properties, and check 'disable visual themes' on the compatability tab.

16 Jan 2014

PV Lighthouse partners with PVEducation.Org.

8 Jan 2014

PVL Newsletter #8 published. It describes the updates made to PV Lighthouse in Nov/Dec 2013 and plans for 2014.

26 Dec 2013

PV Lighthouse website receives its 20,000th unique visitor.

16 Dec 2013

Thermal velocity calculator released. It determines the thermal velocity of electrons and holes in crystalline silicon.

4 Dec 2013

Dopant ionisation calculator released. It determines the fraction of dopant atoms that are ionised in crystalline silicon.

28 Nov 2013

Griddler released for Windows. Griddler provides a fast and sophisticated way to determine the resistive losses in any metalisation pattern.

24 Nov 2013

Quokka 2.1 released for Windows and Linux. Quokka is a 2D/3D simulation program for solar cells. Version 2.1 expands on the optical options.

13 Nov 2013

Spectrum library created. Visit the library to analyse, compare and download the spectral intensity of common spectra (e.g., AM1.5g, AM0, photoconductance flash).

8 Nov 2013

PVL Newsletter #7 published. It describes the updates made to PV Lighthouse in Sep/Oct 2013.

1 Nov 2013

Our new solar spectrum calculator was released. It generates the direct and diffuse spectrum that falls on module under clear-sky atmospheres.

28 Oct 2013

Quokka 2 released. Quokka 2 is a computer program that rapidly simulates solar cells in 2D and 3D.

16 Oct 2013

Chinese translations added to the resistivity calculator by Yimao Wan (ANU).

2 Oct 2013

OPAL 2.4 (beta) released. It allows the user to upload experimental n & k data, and to optimise film thickness for a solar cell's experimental IQE.

1 Sep 2013

Korean translations added to the sheet resistance and equivalent-circuit calculators by Dongchul Suh (ANU).

26 Aug 2013

The PV Lighthouse website receives a face lift. Graphic design by Garnish Garden.

9 Aug 2013

PV Lighthouse welcomes Simeon Baker-Finch as its third employee. Expect an acceleration in the roll out of our solar cell calculators.

18 Jul 2013

Chinese translations added to the sheet resistance calculator by Yimao Wan (ANU).

3 Jul 2013

EDNA 2 is released as an online calculator. EDNA 2 simulates the behaviour of a region of heavily doped silicon, such as an emitter or a back-surface field. It can be used to determine the J0E of an arbitrarily doped emitter.

18 Jun 2013

PV Lighthouse's Mal Abbott presents a paper at the IEEE's 39th PV conference in Tampa. The paper, a collaboration with Dupont, evaluates the recombination losses in industrial phosphorus emitters.


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